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HIST 499

Primary sources and databases for students in HIST 499: Europe and the World around 1500 (Dr. M. Lewis). Updated Fall 2019.


Welcome to the Research Guide for HIST 499: Europe and the World around 1500! This guide serves as a starting point for your research, including primary sources, general databases, and other useful guides, such as citations and plagiarism. 

Feel free to chat us anytime, and make an appointment with me if you need help finding, using, or evaluating your sources.


  • Primary sources can be difficult to find, but they're not impossible!
  • Start searching early and give yourself plenty of time
  • You may have to search in multiple databases
  • Start broad with your search terms and narrow if necessary; try multiple broad search terms
  • Narrow by date
  • Read the metadata (title, date, creator, description, etc) to figure out what you're looking at
  • Most of the primary source collections have zoom and full-screen features to make it easier to navigate
  • Some of the primary source collections below have been recreated in HTML. These are easier to read, but you lose the original format and can't see how the artifact actually looked when it was created. 
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