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Structure citations: Citing things

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This LibGuide tab was designed to provide basic information for citing sources

For more help with citations:

What are they talking about?

Libraries pay for and provide resources that are not "on the Internet." Sometimes professionals use words interchangably, but there are important differences

Abstract   Short summary of an article's methods and findings, written to help researchers decide quickly if the article is relevant to their interest

Article   Single piece of writing by one or more authors, shorter than a monograph (book), published in a periodical

Citation   Publication data for an article, which allows a reader to identify the source; sometimes accompanied by an abstract

Database   An electronic collection of publications that allows users to browse individual titles or to search many all at once. Subject databases are often very expensive and not avialable beyond campus, but they are the best way to see what has been done in a field. A database may be either an index or full-text, and might have both kinds of entries

Index   Lists of publications which may provide an abstract of an article, but does not provide complete text. Use an index to identify material the library may not own but which you may find in another database or request through ILLiad

Journal   A periodical produced for specialists in a particular field, often produced by a scholarly society or academic school; almost always peer reviewed

Magazine   Commercial periodical publication for interested non-specialists; rarely peer reviewed, but often a good measure of what matters concern a discipline

Newsletter   Special-interest periodical of notices and brief summaries of current information, often directed at members of an organization 

Peer review   An editorial process before an article or book is published in which writing is judged to be good enough for publication by other people who work in the field; it typically represents a higher standard of ability, accuracy, and professionalism (and therefore reliability and quality) than journalistic or non-peer-reviewed work

Periodical   The catch-all term for publications issued on a regular basis, including journals, magazines, newspapers, and newsletters, whether in print or in electronic form

Citation

Most professional writing has notes and citations that identify sources. Citations demonstrate that a writer has evidence for their ideas and arguments and allows readers to judge an author's research for themselves. As emerging professionals, college students need to learn to cite appropriately for publications in their field

Choose one of the tabs above for a basic introduction to conventions in major citation styles

Citation Examples

Writing and Citation Styles

"The purpose of a research paper is to synthesize previous research and scholarship with your ideas on the subject. Therefore, you should feel free to use other persons' words, facts, and thoughts in your research paper, but the material you borrow must not be presented as if it were your own creation." (MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 7th ed., p.55)

There are quite a few different writing styles and ways to cite sources. The style usually depends on the academic discipline involved. Check with your professor to make sure you use the style they require. Whatever styles you choose, BE CONSISTENT!

Subject Guide

Heidi Busch
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Capitalization in Foreign-Language Titles

When citing a book or article title in a foreign languge, follow these basic rules regardless of citation style:

For German and Spanish, capitalize the first word and all nouns.

For French, capitalize all words until after the first noun in the title.

For Italian and other languages, capitalize just the first word.

(NOTE: Always capitalize all proper nouns, of course)