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Geosciences (earth and planetary sciences): How to cite (APA)

"Geosciences" is a broad term that includes both the physical world and universe around it. This page provides merely basic places to being a research thread

Departmental links

This LibGuide tab was designed to provide basic information for citing sources

For more help with citations:

ILLiad

PML doesn't have the book? Article isn't available in full text? UTM students and faculty can ask the Interlibrary Loan staff to find it for you. Remember to leave enough lead time!

APA-style examples

For specific details and examples on citing sources within a paper and on creating a Works Cited page, mouseover the "How to cite (APA)" tab above and choose the appropriate subpage

Writing and Citation Styles

"The purpose of a research paper is to synthesize previous research and scholarship with your ideas on the subject. Therefore, you should feel free to use other persons' words, facts, and thoughts in your research paper, but the material you borrow must not be presented as if it were your own creation." (MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 7th ed., p.55)

There are quite a few different writing styles and ways to cite sources. The style usually depends on the academic discipline involved. Check with your professor to make sure you use the style they require. Whatever styles you choose, BE CONSISTENT!

APA-style tools

The current edition of the APA Publication Manual is kept at the Reference desk

Additional help

Additional information on APA style may be found at these websites: